Mike Ault's thoughts on various topics, Oracle related and not. Note: I reserve the right to delete comments that are not contributing to the overall theme of the BLOG or are insulting or demeaning to anyone. The posts on this blog are provided “as is” with no warranties and confer no rights. The opinions expressed on this site are mine and mine alone, and do not necessarily represent those of my employer.

Monday, January 23, 2006

Adjusting Array Size in Oracle SQL*Plus

The default ARRAYSIZE in SQL*PLus is 15. This will show up during the analysis of the trace files by dividing the number of rows returned by the number of SQLNet roundtrips as the default size being using in the application. The ARRAYSIZE specifies the number of rows to return when returning a set of values to the application. Since this specifies the array size to return, it directly impacts the number of round trips required to satisfy a request for data.

I ran a series of select statements using the SQL*Plus interface to a development environment and varied the ARRAYSIZE starting at 5 and working up to 200 in increments of five. The following chart shows the results for the example select statement:

SELECT * FROM dba_objects;

I utilized the SET AUTOTRACE ON STATISTICS and SET TIMING ON commands to gather statistics on net round trips and time required to satisfy the select statement.

As you can see the benefits for this select statement fall off after an ARRAYSIZE of 50 is reached. A plot of the roundtrips verses ARRAYSIZE tells why. In the following chart of roundtrips verses ARRAYSIZE setting you see that at 50 the value for roundtrips is 147 having reduced from the high of 1606 by 90%, from array sizes 50 to 200 it only decreases to 42 a change of only 10% (based on the original 1606) fewer roundtrips.

This indicates we need to adjust the ARRAYSIZE being used to retrieve data from the Oracle database, by doing so we can dramatically reduce the number of network roundtrips. In this environment where our latency is very small, you can see the change of ARRAYSIZE from a default value of 15 to a size of 50 reduced the time it took to retrieve the data from the select statement from 6.03 seconds to 3.07 seconds, nearly a 50 percent decrease in elapsed time and a reduction in network roundtrips of over 90 percent. This was on a local database with 4 ms latency imagine what a difference it would make when latency is 50 to 100 times this latency?

Where this can be of real benefit is in a Java situation. To set the array size, use the setDefaultRowPrefetch method of the OracleConnection class. However, the size should be determined empirically by setting the size and running test runs because this is a case of diminishing returns as the array size gets larger. Also, the size of network buffers and packets need to be factored in when sizing the buffers in SQL.

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